If you have been diagnosed with myocardial infarction, several treatment options are available. These include medication, surgery, and cardiac rehabilitation. You should always seek medical advice from a qualified professional. There are several types of myocardial infarction, including ST-elevation, transmural, and subendocardial.
Non-ST elevation myocardial infarction
Non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) is a type of heart attack. The systolic blood pressure (SBP) is higher than the resting level and indicates a heart attack. This heart attack usually results from a complete or partial blockage of a main coronary artery. When assessing a patient with NSTEMI, an electrocardiogram (ECG) is done. The ECG shows the wavy patterns of a heartbeat and is used to diagnose a heart attack. If a patient has NSTEMI, surgery may be necessary to open or bypass the blocked artery.
Non-STEMI is less severe than STEMI but requires immediate medical attention. While both types of heart attacks cause symptoms and damage, treatment is crucial in minimizing damage to the heart. Therefore, treatment should start immediately and follow the patient’s treatment plan.
Treatment options for NSTEMI include pharmacological treatment, as well as noninvasive techniques. Using a pacemaker or defibrillator is a valuable tool in treating NSTEMI. However, these devices do not cure the disease, and the mortality rate remains high. However, they may improve survival in some patients.
Subendocardial myocardial infarction
Subendocardial myocardial ischemia (SEMI) is a type of heart attack involving the myocardium’s innermost part. This type of infarction differs from transmural myocardial ischemia because it is not caused by coronary occlusion.
SEMI is a symptomatic entity often associated with severe coronary artery disease. It requires intensive monitoring and careful follow-up. It also requires early coronary arteriography. This type of MI is considered a risk factor for sudden death.
There are a variety of imaging techniques available. For example, in the LGE T1 image, the signal intensity of the infarcted myocardium is similar to that of the surrounding blood. In contrast, the MCODE T2 image can distinguish between infarcted and normal myocardium.
The severity of subendocardial myocardial infected myocardial regions has been described in previous studies. The severity of the subendocardial injury is considered a key determinant of regional function after nontransmural infarction. The findings of these studies support previous studies showing that subendocardial myocardial ischemia results in the gradual restoration of mechanical function after reperfusion in patients with acute myocardial infarction.
Myocardial infarction is a severe medical condition in which a part of the heart stops pumping blood. This condition can lead to permanent heart damage. People with this condition should immediately contact a doctor to avoid further complications. Myocardial infarction is often caused by plaque that has built up in the arteries. The plaques reduce the flow of blood and damage the heart muscle. Patients with this condition usually complain of chest pain from the left arm to the neck, shortness of breath, sweating, and abnormal heart rhythm. They also tend to feel tired, anxious, and stressed.
Myocardial infarction treatments involve restoring coronary patency and reducing the infarct size. Patients should take aspirin and fibrinolytic drugs if possible. They should be taken as soon as the diagnosis is made using an ECG. In addition, intravenous beta blockers and glyceryl trinitrate may be used. However, these drugs should be used only in a medical emergency, not as routine treatments.